How to Properly Package LTL Shipments


Point To Point recently published an excellent article on how to properly package LTL (less than [truck]load) shipments.  Here is a quick synopsis of their 5 main tips on how to have successful and safe LTL shipments:

  1. Make sure that your pallets are the correct ones for the job at hand.  The article recommends using ones made out of wood instead of any other materials.  There should not be any nails sticking out of the wood anywhere, and four-way access is best for easy access.  Lastly, the pallet should be properly constructed so that forklift use will not risk damaging it or any of the products.

  2. Ensure that your labels are clear and accurate.  You must have each individual box labeled with the “name, phone number, and address of both the shipper and consignee” and possibly a shipping date.  The pallet itself should also be labeled. Any other safety instructions or special notes need to be visible on at least two sides of any container.

  3. Stack boxes correctly in order to get the most out of cardboard.  If stacked improperly, the cardboard may weaken drastically and put your product in danger.  Boxes should be “lined up corner-to-corner with no overhang” and positioned well on the pallet.

  4. Use crates appropriately, and when necessary to ship especially fragile items.  It is important to separate the fragile items and non-fragile items so that there is not a heightened risk for product damage.  Pack crates to capacity, so the items do not slide around while they are being shipped. A good way to strengthen the stability of a crate is to use diagonal boards on the outer panels.

  5. Wrap the outside of boxes on pallets snugly, and even wrap around base of the pallet in order to bind all items and the pallet together.  Make sure to have overlap when you wrap, and use the appropriate material (metal, plastic, or nylon) for banding around the load if it requires extra securement.

Spending a few moments checking over the items in this list and finalizing the shipping procedures of your freight can save a lot of time and money down the line. These measures will save you money in the long run. You will not have a unhappy customer, have to re-ship replacement products and and you will avoid having to file a freight claim later.  Prevention of shipping damage before it happens is the easiest way to ensure the safety of the workers and the products.

Be sure to check out the original article:

All credit goes to the source.